Multifetal reduction is the name given to the process of reducing the number of these embryos in the presence of more than one embryo in pregnancy. This procedure can be performed in cases where the formation of more than one embryo during pregnancy may endanger the health of the expectant mother. For example, the presence of more than one embryo during pregnancy can lead to a rise in the mother’s blood pressure or blood sugar, which can endanger the health of the expectant mother. Therefore, multifetal reduction can be performed to protect the health of the expectant mother.
Multifetal reduction is usually performed in the early gestational weeks and is mostly performed by surgical methods. During this procedure, the number of multiple embryos in pregnancy is reduced and situations that may pose a danger during pregnancy can be prevented.
However, although multifetal reduction is performed to protect the health of the expectant mother, this procedure is sometimes ethically debated and there may be different opinions about its treatment. The risks of multifetal reduction are similar to the risks of surgical procedures. During this procedure, in addition to the side effects related to anesthesia, there are risks such as bleeding and infection during the procedure, which may endanger the health of the expectant mother.
In the multifetal reduction process, during the reduction of embryos, there may also be risks such as complete elimination or damage to the embryos. This can lead to problems in future pregnancies.
Another risk of multifetal reduction is that the expectant mother experiences depression or stress after pregnancy. This process can cause the expectant mother to worry about their future pregnancy, which can lead to psychological problems such as depression or stress.
Due to all these risks, instead of multifetal reduction, it is preferred to prevent multiple pregnancies by limiting the number of embryos to be transferred today.