Sperm donation is an application that allows couples with infertility problems due to male partners to reach pregnancy by using donor sperm. Although insemination with donor sperm (transfer of sperm into the uterus) has been practiced for more than a hundred years in the world, the first clinical study on this subject was published in 1945. In 1980, with the emergence of the HIV virus, donor sperm was applied only with frozen sperm obtained from donors who had undergone screening tests and completed the 6-month quarantine period.
In our center, only donor sperm samples taken from accredited sperm banks and all serological tests are used.
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) – vaccination or in vitro fertilization (IVF) method can be used in sperm donation application. In line with the suitability of the female partner and the preference of the couple, it is decided which method will be used first.
In the IUI method, all of the donor sperm dissolved is released into the uterus of the female partner using a special catheter.
In the IVF method, the appropriate sperms are selected from the dissolved donor sperm sample and injected into the eggs obtained by ovarian stimulation from the female partner by microinjection (ICSI) method.
Since donor sperms with the necessary screening tests are used in sperm donation and the male partner is not included in the application, no medical preparation process is applied in the man.
After thawing frozen sperm, a loss of vitality of around 20-30% is considered normal. This is largely due to the fact that the sperm sample contains a mixture of newly produced and previously produced sperm. Therefore, the part that remains alive mainly contains newly produced sperm. Since there are millions of sperm in donor sperm samples and only one sperm is used per egg, the possibility of problems in sperm donation is almost negligible. The important thing is to use the healthiest sperms among the existing sperms by selecting them with appropriate methods.
For this purpose, in our center, in addition to the morphological selection of sperm, the HOST method is preferred, which provides the selection of sperms with the healthiest DNA structure, that is, the lowest probability of DNA fragmentation.
For the sperm to be used in the donation, a donor that resembles a male partner in terms of physical characteristics is selected among the blood group compatible returns. All donor sperms are obtained from accredited sperm banks abroad in accordance with the relevant law.
In our center, high quality donor sperms obtained from accredited sperm banks are used. Therefore, the success of sperm donation is largely determined by the egg quality of the female partner. Thanks to our stimulation protocols and sensitive follow-up processes, which are continuously improved in line with our scientific developments and experiences that we apply during the preparation process of the female partner, we achieve success rates in the range of 65-80%.
In sperm donation application, the identities of the donor and recipient are kept confidential. Applying couples can only access the information on the donor’s profile form, the photo, identity and contact information of the donor are kept confidential. In the same way, donors cannot access the information of couples whose sperm are used.
IVF and donation treatment processes in Cyprus are subject to the Law No. 57/2014 “Governing the Rules for Human Cell, Tissue and Organ Transplantation”. According to this law: